Aged Gin— Gin which has been rested in a barrel after distillation.
Vintage Gin— One other phrase to explain Aged Gin
Botanical— an ingredient of pure origin whose taste is added to gin by certainly one of three main means: vapor distillation, maceration and distillation, or pure maceration (typically referred to as infusion).
[Read more on Botanicals in Gin]
Base Spirit— The natural materials that was fermented and distilled to create the spirit to which the botanicals had been added. In different phrases was your gin distilled from grape, grain, or one thing else?
[Read More about the base spirits of gin]
Basket— A software utilized by distillers to droop botanicals above a spirit. Utilized in vapor distillation.
Bathtub Gin— Gin that doesn’t endure a distillation after the botanicals are added. See Maceration
Blue Gin— See colour altering gin.
Traditional Gin— Gin that strongly tastes like juniper
[Read more on Classic style Gin]
Up to date Gin— Gin that features juniper however might not style strongly of juniper or might produce other botanicals which can be extra prominently featured
[Read more on Contemporary style gin]
Shade Altering Gin— These gins ceaselessly use butterfly pea flower, an acid reactive pure flower that turns pink when the pH is added. Bartenders usually make a efficiency of the colour altering second when acid is added. Ink Gin in 2015 was the primary of its sort; nonetheless the success of Empress and others has led to them being one thing of a fad within the late ’10s and early ’20s.
Distillation— In line with the Oxford Dictionary it’s the motion of purifying a liquid by a strategy of heating and cooling. In gin it will possibly check with certainly one of two steps in making a gin. The bottom spirit is created by distilling the ethanol launched by yeasts through the fermentation course of. Botanicals are added by distilling that spirit within the presence of flavoring supplies together with juniper.
Ethanol— The bottom alcohol in gin and all alcoholic drinks. Its chemical formulation is C₂H₆O. It’s extremely flammable, unstable and psychoactive. Ethanol is answerable for the bitter style in most gins.
End— The way in which a drink fades from the palate. Usually instances this is perhaps the lingering taste that you simply style a number of seconds after sipping, or it might be different sensations together with astringency (dry out the mouth), warmth (burn from the ethanol) or bitterness (from tannins in aged gins or from botanicals in bathtub gins).
Ginever— a portmanteau to explain a gin made within the fashion of genever, however usually made in a spot that can’t legally use the geographically protected time period “genever” to explain their product.
[Also see Holland-style gin]
Genever— A category of non-gin spirits historically produced in elements of Japanese Europe. Using juniper infused distillate, alongside aspect malted grain base spirit, in genever manufacturing has led to many contemplating it an in depth cousin of gin.
Worldwide Fashion Gin— a time period coined within the early 2010’s by writers out of New York Metropolis to explain Up to date Fashion gin with out utilizing a place-based designation. This time period has typically fallen out of favor, however it’s nonetheless seen in some items from the period. See New American Gin, New Western Gin, Up to date Fashion Gin.
London Dry Gin— a course of designation enscribed in European Union Legislation. London Dry implies that botanicals are added completely via distillation, no added sweetening and the bottom spirit was distilled as much as 96% ABV earlier than botanical addition.
[Read More on London Dry Gin]
Maceration— the method by which an ingredient is left to take a seat in a spirit for a chronic time period. In Bathtub fashion gins, the botanicals could also be macerated after which the gin bottled. In distilled gins, the botanicals are filtered out after which the spirit is re-distilled.
New American Gin— a time period used to explain trendy gins that go mild on juniper. There is no such thing as a agreed upon definition. See Up to date Gin, New Western Fashion Gin, Worldwide Gin.
New Western Gin— one other poorly outlined time period for gins that characteristic botanical flavors apart from juniper. See New American Gin, Up to date Fashion Gin.
Nostril— The aroma of a gin.
Outdated Tom— a sort of gin that was fashionable within the nineteenth century. The definition is just not agreed upon by gin students; nonetheless, many gins of this fashion make the most of sweetening or sturdy botanicals to offer a sweetening have an effect on.
[Read more on Old Tom Style Gin]
Palate— The style of a gin
Pink Gin— A faddish class of gin that had its heyday within the late ’10s and early 20’s. It’s referred to as Pink as a result of elements are added after distillation which give the gin a pink hue. Generally, many are strawberry flavored. Nonetheless, different botanicals like hibiscus, rose and rhubarb will be added to create a pure pink gin.
Terpene— a category of natural compounds, present in vegetation. Terpenes, like alpha-pinene are primarily answerable for the flavors in gin.
Terroir— The concept that a spot and local weather the place one thing comes from uniquely impacts its taste.
Vapor Distillation/Infusion— When a spirit is distilled, the ethanol evaporates into steam. Throughout vapor infusion, the steam heats the botanical (usually in a gin basket)
Yellow Gin— An archaic time period for gins aged in barrels
If this glossary isn’t intensive sufficient, David T. Smith’s The Gin Dictionary is a wonderful complete information to the entire jargon we use on the earth of gin.